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Hugo Munsterberg was born into a merchant family in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland), then a port city in West Prussia. His father Moritz (1825-1880), was a successful lumber merchant and his mother, Minna Anna Bernhardi (1838-1875), a recognized artist and musician, was Moritz's second wife. Moritz had two sons with his first wife, Otto (1854-1915) and Emil (1855-1915), and two with Anna, Hugo (1863-1916) and Oscar (1865-1920). The four sons remained close, and all of them became successful in their careers. A neo-Renaissance villa in Detmold, Germany, that Oscar lived in from 1886-1896 has recently been renovated and opened as a cultural center. The family had a great love of the arts, and Munsterberg was encouraged to explore music, literature, and art. Both his mother and his father died before he was 20 years old. When he was 12, his mother died. This marked a major change in the young boy's life, transforming him from a carefree child to a much more serious young man. Then in 1880 his father also died."
Renowned for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) was also one of the most important amateur photographers of the Victorian era and the period's finest photographer of children. From 1856 to 1880, Carroll took around three thousand pictures, the majority of which were portraits of family, friends, and colleagues. He also sought out and photographed celebrities of the day, including Alfred Tennyson, Samuel Wilberforce, Michael Faraday, William Holman Hunt, Henry Taylor, George MacDonald, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Christina Rossetti, Ellen Terry, John Everett Millais, Charlotte Yonge, and Prince Leopold. Carroll's remaining output includes images of landscapes and architecture, works of art, and skeletons; assisted self-portraits; and other miscellaneous pictures. Today, his photographs are highly prized and fetch enormous prices at auction.
This catalogue raisonne presents images of the nearly one thousand surviving photographs of Lewis Carroll-including many from private collections that have never been published-and provides information on their subjects/sitters, their locations, and the dates when they were taken, as well as extracts from Carroll's private diaries that mention his relevant photographic activity and background information concerning known prints. Edward Wakeling, an internationally recognized Carrollian scholar, has also reconstructed Carroll's lost register of his complete photographic opus. In addition to the catalogue, Wakeling discusses Carroll's activity as a photographer, his contacts with other Victorian art photographers, and his nude studies, and he provides a full listing of the contents of Carroll's various photographic albums. This is the most comprehensive study of Carroll's photography ever produced, and it will be a standard work for anyone studying Victorian photography and for Lewis Carroll's photographs in particular.
Thesubjectofthismonographistheresultsoftherecenttheoreticalstudiesof the nature and the role of many-particleand orientation e?ects in the process of anomalouselastic scattering of X-ray photon by free atom, atomic ion, and linear molecule. Theoretical and experimental investigations of anomalous elastic scatt- ing of X-rayphoton havingenergyin the rangeof0. 35keV? ???1. 4MeV by a many-electron system are immediate requirements in modern fundamental and applied physics from the point of view of the conditions of the anomalous dispersion when an incident photon energy is close to that of an inner-shell ionization thresholds. They are important, ?rstly, because of the construction and subsequent application of the X-ray free electron laser and because of laboratory-plasma X-ray laser generation. Also, it is urgent to solve imp- tant problems, such as maintaining a laser thermonuclear fusion, as well as majority of problems in plasma physics, ionizing radiation physics, surface physics, metal and semiconductor physics, and astrophysics. However,in spite of the existence of a generalquantum-mechanicaltheory for the process of anomalous scattering of the electromagnetic radiation by matter, following from the works by Kramers and Heisenberg (1925)  and Waller (1928,1929) [2,3], both the calculation methods and the assignments of the anomalously dispersive regions of the elastic scattering spectra in the immediate vicinity (?1/ 100 eV) of the inner-shell ionization thresholds of free atom,atomicion, andmolecule areabsentin the worldscienti?cpractice, including the many-particle e?ects. Indeed, the existing methods within the anomalously dispersive regions of elastic scattering lead to in?nite (nonph- ical) intensities of the di?erential cross-section resonances.
Are you ready to do battle for the glory of Caesar? Have you bought your own armor yet-an apron and strong marching sandals? Will you become a centurion or a legionary? Are you ready for a posting to Western Eurasia or Britannia or North Africa? Are you ready to train from 6 a.m. to midnight? Are you fit to march long distances? Can you swim, run, jump, fence and throw javelin? Then prepare to swear your oath of loyalty to the Commander and Emperor.
If you're a Mac user, chances are you're already familiar with, and probably use, iPhoto on the Mac -- Apple has shipped a version with every Mac since 2002. The application serves several functions -- it helps you organize your photos, syncs them between devices, and allows you to easily perform a variety of editing tasks to make your photos look better. Now, with iPhoto for iPad, Apple has extended this powerful set of tools onto your iPad. In addition, they've added handy tools to share your photos (and videos) with a variety of devices or across your social networks, using the Internet. Using iPhoto for iPad, you'll be able to easily take photos, edit them and share them immediately, right from the site of any event you attend. We'll show you everything you need to know in this short guide.
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